WELCOME TO VITILIGO SUPPORT!
We’ve put together our first newsletter and want to welcome all our new Twitter followers – over 140 in just seven days, thank you, and those lovely friends who’ve joined us in the Facebook group!
This newsletter covers:
Some important Vitiligo research news
Feeling good about yourself and
Camouflage or not – a tricky question
SOME IMPORTANT VITILIGO NEWS
1.A Research Update:
A piece of research was reported by the British Association of Dermatologists on Twitter this week. The research expanded on some work previously done on vitiligo in mice.
This identified the importance of CXCL10 (more information on this in Wikipedia) in the progression and maintenance of depigmentation in mice.
This study, undertaken on a group of 80 patients with vitiligo, and a control group of 40 people who did not have vitiligo, showed that serum CXCL9 and CXCL10 were significantly elevated in patients with vitiligo and were higher in patients in progressive stages than in stable stages,
The CXCL10/CXCR3 axis mediates T-cell recruitment into the skin in progressive vitiligo.
Blocking this chemotactic mechanism (the movement of an organism in response to a chemical) may present a new form of therapy. Serum CXCL10 may be a novel biomarker in monitoring disease activity and guiding treatment of progressive vitiligo.
T-cells are a type of white blood cell and play a central role in cell-mediated immunity or the immune reaction of cells to an external “threat”, whether from bacteria, virus or cancer.
So the researchers are hopeful in being able to identify when vitiligo is progressing and to guide where treatment should be targeted, and maybe in the long term to produce a type of treatment that works on this ‘chemotactic mechanism”.
The study can be found under the following reference:
Wang, X. X., Wang, Q. Q., Wu, J. Q., Jiang, M., Chen, L., Zhang, C. F. and Xiang, L. H. (2016), Increased expression of CXCR3 and its ligands in patients with vitiligo and CXCL10 as a potential clinical marker for vitiligo. Br J Dermatol, 174: 1318–1326. doi:10.1111/bjd.14416
2. Vitiligo patients and Hypo- and Hyper-thyroidism
The recent newsletter from Vitiligo Support International (no relation!) carried an article on the link between vitiligo and either an over- or under-active thyroid. Their Summer Newsletter can be found here.
Here are their important recommendations, taken from research studies undertaken over the last eleven years in the area of vitiligo and its correlation with thyroid disease.
If you are concerned that you or your relative with vitiligo shows any of the symptoms shown in the article, please see a health professional.
Taken from the Summer Newsletter for the Vitiligo Support International charity in the USA
Research, Facts, and Recommendations
The risk for those with vitiligo of developing Auto Immune Thyroid Dysfunction (AITD) disease has been found
to be 2.5 times higher than in the normal population.
The risk of developing elevated thyroid antibodies has been found
to be greater than 5 times higher than in the normal population.
It’s possible that “thyroid autoimmunity might play an important role
in triggering and maintaining the depigmentation process of vitiligo.”
Source: 2015 review of vitiligo and thyroid diseases conducted in Florence, Italy
Review recommendation: Vitiligo patients should be screened for AITD
The following symptoms may indicate an increased probability of developing AITD:
Higher body surface area of involvement (widespread vitiligo)
Experienced stress as an onset factor
Family history of AITD
Duration of disease: The risk of developing AITD doubles every 5 years after a vitiligo diagnosis.
Source: 2013 Belgian study of 700, and French study of 626 of non-segmental vitiligo (NSV) patients
Recommendations from both groups: NSV patients with any of these symptoms
should be regularly monitored for thyroid function and thyroid antibodies.
There is an increased incidence of AITD among pediatric and adolescent vitiligo patients
Source: 2013 study performed in the Netherlands on 260 pediatric and adolescent vitiligo patients
Study Recommendation: Screen for thyroid function and antibody levels
in all pediatric patients with non-segmental vitiligo.
Across the world it’s been hot and sticky, making it harder to sleep. Whilst we can’t help you cool down enough to sleep well, we’ve found some great things to help you get off to sleep.
The first is this amazing podcast. It’s called the “Sleep with me” podcast.
You do have to get past the first few minutes which are usually an appeal for funding to keep the podcast going, and then…well, to be honest, I’ve never managed to stay awake longer than about four minutes, so I really have no idea how the podcasts end. It’s his voice.
I appreciate that if you’re sleeping with someone else, they may not want to join in listening and he also recommends these speakers, which I haven’t tried, but might be worth a go!
You might also find this song, by Marconi Union, to be, as a study has recently determined, the most relaxing song ever.
And finally, Harvard Health published some useful tips on beating anxiety to get a better night’s sleep – these can be read here.
FEELING GOOD ABOUT YOURSELF
We hope soon to have an interview with the lovely Kristen who is a health and fitness manger for a national chain of health clubs, and who also has vitiligo. He talked to me on the phone about it bothering him when he was a child, at school, but when he took up weights and getting physically stronger and fitter, the degree to which it bothered him grew much less. He felt confident in his own skin, because he knew that objectively that he was strong and that he could be resilient.
A study recently published showed that his subjective experience was right. If a group of women were asked to focus on their body’s functionality – the things it could do – they were later had greater body satisfaction than the control group who just thought about a neutral task. The researchers thought that this intervention “could be a beneficial individual-level technique that women can use to protect and promote a positive body image in the face of thin-ideal images.”